Gender Identity

Why Does It Matter?

"Moving Beyond the Binary of Sex and Gender", by Ugla Stefanía, 14 min

Although gender has historically been defined as masculine or feminine, there is much more variation, fluidity, and nuances of gender identity and gender expression. Studies that offer inclusive questions for gender identity, including the option to self-describe, are better able to accurately reflect the diversity of the community in which the research is being conducted. 

Gender Identity Questions

Open-ended prompts are most supportive of gender and sex diversities and can be qualitatively coded. If coding an open-ended prompt is not possible (i.e., large studies), we suggest using the two question approach from Morrison et al. (2021). Phrasing for START's gender identity questions, as well as rationale and a table of gender identity definitions can be find in the document provided here.